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I have to agree, the ego that is created by some psychotic people's minds does not necessarily have to be a real figure. My super-ego that I developed was entirely fictional.Interesting that no one has mentioned Lacan here. Also, Twylight, I think you may have misunderstood what is meant by the 'super-ego'. This is not intended to mean solely a well known historical or religious figure.
I have to agree with you here. Science does not have all the right answers though.So far as the biomedical model is concerned the treatment given to some of my family members is pretty disturbing. It was more a less a case of identifying the condition by which medication did and did not work. A scattergun approach of throwing a handful of pills down the patients throat and seeing what sticks; scientific perhaps, but by no means pleasant or even dignified.
That's from the article I linked to in my response above. Anyway, yes, if you can find some related material from Lacan, please do share.Vygotsky (1970) demonstrated that human language originates in social relations and that, during the first months of life, the mother (or nearest caretaker) constructs the reality in which the meaning of things around the child takes shape (Leiman, 1995). The child is born into the language context that her parents have created according to their own voices. In the phase of egocentric speech, from ages 3 to 7 years, the child starts to incorporate the behavior-guiding task of language into her own psychological functions. After saying a word aloud, the child can act according to what she said. Speaking aloud before acting becomes unnecessary in the phase of inner speech, and an adult can guide her own behavior by means of inner thoughts. The individual can internalize words and concepts, but the more important aspect of language remains the actual situations in which the sense of the words is created in each conversation. Of course one part of this conversation is the inner dialogue, in which different voices seek out several perspectives and meanings.
In contrast to the Cartesian view, here the function of language is not primarily seen as reflecting and conveying feelings, thoughts, acts or experiences of the inner reality. Instead, language is more like an environment in which we all locate ourselves according to our phase of life, our experiences, our occupation, and our therapeutic approach (Shotter, 1999). We not only use language, we also live in it.