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Can mental illness be prevented?

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raavn111

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Can mental illness be prevented?
 
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Chimera

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Tempted to rant on this topic, but will instead just quote. For some reason, I can't access the website George W. Albee, Ph.D. directly, so this is quoted from Google's cache:

George W. Albee

[...]

On leave in 1957, Albee served as director of the Task Force on Manpower of the Joint Commission on Mental Illness and Health. The book he wrote as a report on the nation's mental health human resources shortages was a major factor in redirecting national strategy in intervention. The work of the commission led to the development of the community mental health centers. Nicholas Hobbs called Albee's book one of the three most significant of the decade in the field.

[...]

By the mid-1960s, Albee was in a continuing, often acrimonious debate with psychiatry over the inappropriateness of the illness model of mental and emotional disorder and over medical hegemony. Albee's involvement in this debate continues, with clinical psychology also becoming a target of his wrath for devoting so much of its resources to one-to-one intervention in mental disorder rather than to prevention.

[...] He was a founding member of the American Psychological Society (1988) and an organizer and first president (1989) of the American Association for Applied and Preventive Psychology.

In 1971, Albee moved to the University of Vermont, where he established, in 1975, the Vermont Conference on the Primary Prevention of Psychopathology (VCPPP). Through 1993, VCPPP has held 17 conferences bringing together researchers, policymakers, and implementers of prevention programs throughout the world. VCPPP has become one of the world's leading forums for stimulating discussion and disseminating information on all aspects of the prevention of psychopathology. The books resulting from the conferences, many of which Albee has coedited, have helped shape the field and define its agenda.

A number of related themes have been interwoven in Albee's writing and lecturing over the years, constituting the heart of the message he has tirelessly carried across the American continent and around the world, from England to Australia, Hawaii to Hong Kong, Portugal to Pakistan. Major theses of his talks and writings are that social evils like racism, sexism, ageism, unemployment, child abuse–indeed every condition in which inequalities of power prevail and exploitation results–are responsible for far more psychopathology than twisted molecules; that mental and emotional disorders are too prevalent for any society to provide sufficient practitioners to treat the afflicted; and that consequently the most effective and humane way to reduce human suffering is through primary prevention.
 
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I married one of those. I was brought up by two others.
Oh plenty of them around.

A few interesting Links -

Trauma Change Resilience: there is a drive to not only survive but to thrive


Trauma can be incurred in many different ways. This is only now becoming understood. Our culture has trauma and abuse that is often not recognized. There is, of course, too the sort that is obviously heinous and ugly. It can all impact the general well-being of those subject to it.

As a social worker and clinician working with “the seriously mentally ill” for many years, I never came upon someone who didn’t have fairly severe traumas in their histories. Yes, I can say those who I encountered who were in that particular labeled segment had a solid 100% rate of trauma in their histories. Mental illness in large part is a reaction to trauma. It’s quite simple really. When we start listening to people’s stories of pain rather than numbing them out and effectively silencing them with neurotoxic drugs we will start healing them. Until then people will remain broken. One of the most basic needs for a wounded human being to heal is to be seen. Recognized. Validated. Yes.

Without appropriate care and integration trauma changes both our bodies and minds for many years and sometimes for our entire lives. Right now the mental health system knows virtually nothing about how to care for people who have been traumatized and in fact often traumatizes them further. It’s downright dangerous to subject a traumatized person to most social services. This is a tragedy that has to end.

The woman in the above video is not alone in knowing how to approach those traumatized. We need this sort of empathic and loving care system wide.
Also of interest - Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study -

CDC - ACE Study - Adverse Childhood Experiences

The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study is one of the largest investigations ever conducted to assess associations between childhood maltreatment and later-life health and well-being. The study is a collaboration between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Kaiser Permanente's Health Appraisal Clinic in San Diego.

More than 17,000 Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) members undergoing a comprehensive physical examination chose to provide detailed information about their childhood experience of abuse, neglect, and family dysfunction. To date, more than 50 scientific articles have been published and more than100 conference and workshop presentations have been made.

The ACE Study findings suggest that certain experiences are major risk factors for the leading causes of illness and death as well as poor quality of life in the United States. Progress in preventing and recovering from the nation's worst health and social problems is likely to benefit from understanding that many of these problems arise as a consequence of adverse childhood experiences.
 
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CDC - ACE Study - Major Findings - Adverse Childhood Experiences -

Major Findings

Childhood abuse, neglect, and exposure to other traumatic stressors which we term adverse childhood experiences (ACE) are common. Almost two-thirds of our study participants reported at least one ACE, and more than one of five reported three or more ACE. The short- and long-term outcomes of these childhood exposures include a multitude of health and social problems.

The ACE Study uses the ACE Score, which is a count of the total number of ACE respondents reported. The ACE Score is used to assess the total amount of stress during childhood and has demonstrated that as the number of ACE increase, the risk for the following health problems increases in a strong and graded fashion:

Alcoholism and alcohol abuse
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Depression
Fetal death
Health-related quality of life
Illicit drug use
Ischemic heart disease (IHD)

Liver disease
Risk for intimate partner violence
Multiple sexual partners
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
Smoking
Suicide attempts
Unintended pregnancies
Early initiation of smoking
Early initiation of sexual activity
Adolescent pregnancy

_________________________________________


Of course all this information is complete Bullshit - it's peoples Defective Biology that is to Blame & we better Drug everyone up.
 
Hope2366less

Hope2366less

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Can mental illness be prevented?
The phrase "mental illness" doesn't mean much any more as the DSM is largely silly and always has been.

However you can ask better questions such as can suicide or psychosis be prevented? There's a lot we could do. There's a lot we could do about a whole lot of other issues too.
 
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Chimera

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Of course all this information is complete Bullshit - it's peoples Defective Biology that is to Blame & we better Drug everyone up.
I've just been listening to an inspiring radio documentary:

BBC Radio 4 - And No Birds Sing: Rachel Carson and Silent Spring

I couldn't help being reminded of a phrase from this book review:

Amazon.co.uk: Dr. S. J. Yates' review of The Myth of the Chemical Cure: A Critique ...

This book is psychiatry's Silent Spring.
(If only!)

But I promised not to go off on a rant (if only for my own sake, having expended far too much time and energy on such rants, which always prove ineffectual).
 
Hope2366less

Hope2366less

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Well what's going to change?

With the public sex abuse scandals people are aware that there's a lot of horrible stuff happening to kids but even people with medical and psychology/nursing degrees don't have a clue about the effects and don't listen to us and go by the often nonsense in their textbooks as gospel.

The public don't give a fuck, we're in a rat race and if you were dealt bad cards in life and end up on the streets at 15 because you don't want daddy to rape you anymore who cares? They are too selfish to care, while telling themselves they really do care about the vulnerable people such as kids that get cancer (when they can tear themselves away from TOWIE to think for a minute).

Academics in these fields aren't the brightest lot, as so many of the brightest minds are attracted to where the money is, either in the arts or business or sciences.

The world doesn't give a shit.
 
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But I promised not to go off on a rant (if only for my own sake, having expended far too much time and energy on such rants, which always prove ineffectual).
Yea - it's largely pointless - & it's impossible to change other people's thinking/beliefs.
 
Hope2366less

Hope2366less

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I'm quite proud of the venomity of that post I must say.
 
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Chimera

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The phrase "mental illness" doesn't mean much any more as the DSM is largely silly and always has been.

However you can ask better questions such as can suicide or psychosis be prevented? There's a lot we could do. There's a lot we could do about a whole lot of other issues too.
Amen (but I'm not sure that "psychosis" is well-defined, if only because it just says "illness" in a dead language.)

And you can't even talk sensibly about the "medical model of mental illness", because the word "illness" is already there in the very language you are trying to use to criticise the model.

I will not go on a rant!
I will not go on a rant!
[... 100 times ...]
I will not go on a rant!
 
Hope2366less

Hope2366less

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I know what you mean the boundaries are not clear even with psychosis, but having gone mad I have had some unhealthy beliefs which I wish I hadn't. It's not always so clear though and culturally bound (a large problem in general with diagnoses).

On the other issue I could imagine the crackdown on pedophiles is actually economic, if they think that the more abuse goes on, the less taxpayers there will be, and the more benefit claimants there will be, long term. Why else would they waste policing resources? I mean it's not like they really care is it, with the number of young people out on the streets???
 
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